History and Philosophy of Higher Education
Annotated Article on Urban Higher Education
#1: 203 words
Musil, C.M. (2003). Educating for Citizenship. peerReview. 4-8.
The author, vice president for diversity, equity, and global initiatives, Association of American Colleges and Universities, states that there has been a quiet revolution within academia for two decades concerning civic engagement. Nearly a thousand college presidents are members of an organization, Campus Compact, created to promote campus-community involvement. Likewise, 78 percent of students participate in service oriented projects before they graduate. The motives are stated as economic realities and democratizing access to college based on 56 percent of the students are women and 28 percent are people of color which bring about community concerns surrounding their habits, values and expectations. Greater Expectations (2002) calls for civic learning and the definition through reform movements has begun to come together: the diversity movement; the civic engagement movement; and the movement to create more student-centered institutions. To facilitate the move from randomness to purposeful pathways the author outlines six steps and what distinguish the kinds of learning at each step. The steps are exclusionary, oblivious, naive, charitable, reciprocal and generative. A developmental learning model built around this framework uses the world and not the library as the classroom, applying, experiencing and integrating principles at each stage. It is the only way to educate our peoples.